Present Real Conditionals

It is used in sentences for general truths. The if clause talks about a condition, and the result clause talks what happens when the condition occurs.

Also we often use even if then the result is surprising.

[ If clause, ] [ Result clause ]

  • If it’s sunday, the bank is closed.
  • If you use a pen for your exam, it’s better.
  • Even if it’s sunday, the new bank stays open.

PRC also can be used in sentences when you want to express habits.

  • If I’m surfing the Web, I use Google.
  • If I shop online, I use Amazon.
  • If I have free time, I spend it with my friends.

You can use modals in the result clause.

  • If It doesn’t work, you can return it.
  • If you are sick, you should take some rest.

The result clause can be used for imperatives, to give instructions, commands and invitations that depend on a certain condition.

  • If you don’t have enough battery, start to charge it.
  • If a site is not secure, don’t enter your information.

[*] Use a comma between the two clauses only when the if clause come first.

If I’m surfing the Web, I use Google.
I use Google if I’m surfing the web.